Over the last three decades, the United Nations has brought nearly every country on the planet together for global climate summits known as the Conference of Parties (COP). The COP is the highest decision- making body for climate action, where country representatives discuss, deliberate, and negotiate climate- related mechanisms, instruments, and actions. The United Nations Climate Change Conference of 2021, also known as COP26, was the 26th such conference held in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, between 30 October to 12 November 2021.

The UN Environment Programme’s (UNEP) Emissions Gap Report 2021: The Heat is On, released prior to COP26, noted an increase in the number of countries pledging net-zero commitments around 2050. Despite the spike, experts believed that the commitments lacked a clear pathway.

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